The Landscape Vernacular collage series explores landscape definitions and terminology culled from a small collection of dictionaries dating from the early 1800s to the present. Each puzzle-piece collage juxtaposes definitions with period ephemera and contemporary criticism to explore ideas and attitudes about land and land use, while also addressing the history of landscape painting—the mundane, the pastoral, the picturesque, the sublime, the transcendental—and contemporary ecological imperatives.

A rule-based series of puzzle-piece-fit landscape collages created by cutting up other artist's depictions of land.

A rule-based series of puzzle-piece-fit collages in which imagery is removed from two or more parent sources and then exchanged with an opposite source in such a way as to establish minimal waste or zero-waste during the process of making diptych collages.

A grouping of unrelated collage projects which honor individuated artists in the lineage of collage and/or landscape history

Post-BFA collages 

Note: beginning in 1989, with few exceptions, the artist refrained from making collages in favor of promoting drawing and painting as the primary vehicle to explore appropriation.

A series of collages created during the artist's senior year at RISD's European Honors Program in Rome, Italy, created on the pages of Il Libro dei Rec. 1900 (Book of Kings)

A series of collages created during the artist's junior year at RISD, created on the pages of an Odd Fellows Union Yearbook, c.1920.

A visual overview of the "puzzle-piece-fit" collage process.